Can hypnosis be used in Intensive Care Units?

Authors

  • Floriane Rousseaux Laboratory of Cognitive Ergonomics and Work Intervention, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium. Algology Department, University Hospital of Liège, Liège, Belgium. Sensation & Perception Research Group, GIGA Consciousness, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium
  • Aminata Bicego Sensation and Perception Research Group GIGA Consciousness, Université de Liège, GIGA CHU - B34 Quartier Hôpital, Avenue de l’Hopital, 11, 4000 Liège, Belgique 2Laboratoire d’Ergonomie Cognitive et d’Intervention au Travail Université de Liège, Quartier Agora - Place des Orateurs, 2 (B32), 4000 Liège, Belgique
  • Christophe Malengreaux Département d’Anesthésie-Réanimation Hôpital Universitaire de Liège Domaine Universitaire du Sart Tilman B35, 4000 Liège, Belgique
  • Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville Sensation and Perception Research Group GIGA Consciousness, Université de Liège, GIGA CHU - B34 Quartier Hôpital, Avenue de l’Hopital, 11, 4000 Liège, Belgique Département d’Algologie, Hôpital Universitaire de Liège Domaine Universitaire du Sart Tilman B35, 4000 Liège, Belgique
  • Didier Ledoux Sensation and Perception Research Group GIGA Consciousness, Université de Liège, GIGA CHU - B34 Quartier Hôpital, Avenue de l’Hopital, 11, 4000 Liège, Belgique Département d’Algologie, Hôpital Universitaire de Liège Domaine Universitaire du Sart Tilman B35, 4000 Liège, Belgique
  • Paul Bernard Massion Sensation and Perception Research Group GIGA Consciousness, Université de Liège, GIGA CHU - B34 Quartier Hôpital, Avenue de l’Hopital, 11, 4000 Liège, Belgique Département d’Algologie, Hôpital Universitaire de Liège Domaine Universitaire du Sart Tilman B35, 4000 Liège, Belgique
  • Anne-Sophie Nyssen Sensation and Perception Research Group GIGA Consciousness, Université de Liège, GIGA CHU - B34 Quartier Hôpital, Avenue de l’Hopital, 11, 4000 Liège, Belgique Laboratoire d’Ergonomie Cognitive et d’Intervention au Travail Université de Liège, Quartier Agora - Place des Orateurs, 2 (B32), 4000 Liège, Belgique
  • Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse Sensation and Perception Research Group GIGA Consciousness, Université de Liège, GIGA CHU - B34 Quartier Hôpital, Avenue de l’Hopital, 11, 4000 Liège, Belgique Département d’Algologie, Hôpital Universitaire de Liège Domaine Universitaire du Sart Tilman B35, 4000 Liège, Belgique

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37051/mir-00012

Keywords:

Intensive care units, hypnosis, non-pharmacological techniques, pain

Abstract

In this review, we propose to discuss how hypnosis processes can increase the comfort of patients hospitalized in the intensive care
units. Hypnosis is a tool increasingly used by medical teams as a complementary technique to the usual biomedical approaches.
Many studies have demonstrated its effects in different contexts (surgery, chronic pain, oncology, etc.). The aim of this article focuses
on the use of hypnosis in intensive care units.
Clinical studies highlight the interest of this technique to improve the well-being of the patients, by decreasing pain and anxiety.
Neuroimaging allows us to understand the processes underlying these subjective changes reported by patients during hypnosis.
Modified cerebral activation can be seen in both the activation of neural networks and the functional connectivity of networks related
to internal and external consciousness, as well as sensory perceptions (such as pain perception). Therefore, hypnotic techniques may
be useful in intensive care units to improve the weaning conditions of intubated and ventilated patients.
Nowadays, some studies investigate the possibility of effective use of hypnosis in intensive care units. However, controlled and randomized studies are needed to draw conclusions about the specific benefits that may result.

Published

2020-10-12

How to Cite

Rousseaux, F. ., Bicego, A. ., Malengreaux, C. ., Faymonville, M.-E. ., Ledoux, D. ., Massion, P. B. ., Nyssen, A.-S. ., & Vanhaudenhuyse, A. . (2020). Can hypnosis be used in Intensive Care Units?. Médecine Intensive Réanimation. https://doi.org/10.37051/mir-00012

Issue

Section

Update