Management of Status Epilepticus in the Prehospital Setting, in the Emergency Department and in Intensive Care Unit (Except Newborns)

Authors

  • Hervé Outin Service de réanimation médicochirurgicale, centre hospitalier (CH) intercommunal de Poissy‑Saint‑Germain-en‑Laye
  • Papa Guèye Samu, CH universitaire (CHU) de la Martinique, Fort‑de‑France
  • Vincent Alvarez Hôpital du Valais, Sion et CH Vaudois, Lausanne
  • Stéphane Auvin CHU Debré, Paris
  • Bernard Clair CHU Poincaré, Paris
  • Philippe Convers CHU de Saint‑Étienne
  • Arielle Crespel CHU de Montpellier
  • Sophie Demeret CHU de la Pitié‑Salpêtrière, Paris
  • Sophie Dupont CHU de la Pitié‑Salpêtrière, Paris
  • Jean‑Christophe Engels Service départemental d’incendie et de secours, Haute‑Savoie
  • Nicolas Engrand Fondation Rothschild, Paris
  • Yonathan Freund CHU de la Pitié‑Salpêtrière, Paris
  • Philippe Gelisse CHU de Montpellier
  • Marie Girot CH régional universitaire de Lille
  • Marie‑Odile Marcoux CHU de Toulouse
  • Vincent Navarro CHU de la Pitié‑Salpêtrière, Paris
  • Andrea Rossetti Hôpital du Valais, Sion et CH Vaudois, Lausanne
  • Francesco Santoli CH Aulnay‑sous‑Bois
  • Romain Sonneville CHU Bichat, Paris
  • William Szurhaj CHU de Lille
  • Pierre Thomas CHU de Nice
  • Luigi Titomanlio CHU Robert‑Debré, Paris
  • Frédéric Villega CHU de Bordeaux
  • Hugues Lefort Structure des urgences, hôpital d’instruction des armées Legouest, Metz
  • Vincent Peigne Service de réanimation, CH Métropole‑Savoie, Chambéry

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37051/mir-00010

Keywords:

Status epilepticus, Emergency, Guidelines, Benzodiazepines

Abstract

Management of status epilepticus (SE) is subject to many difficulties: diagnosis, etiological investigation, non-specific and specific treatment. The French Society of Intensive Care and the French Society of Emergency Medicine, with the French Group
for Pediatric Intensive Care and Emergencies, have developed guidelines to respond to the practical questions raised by SE
management in the prehospital setting, in the emergency department and the intensive care unit. Twenty-five experts have
analyzed the literature and formulated recommendations according to the Grade of Recommendation Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology. The experts agreed on 96 recommendations. Recommendations with the strongest level
of evidence concerned only generalized tonic convulsive SE. In this setting, first-line use of benzodiazepines (direct intravenous
clonazepam or intramuscular midazolam) is recommended with a second injection in the case of clinical persistence of SE five
minutes after the first injection. In the case of persistence of SE five minutes after this second injection, the recommendation
is to administer second-line treatment: sodium valproate, (fos)phenytoin, phenobarbital or levetiracetam. The confirmed persistence of convulsions 30 minutes after the beginning of the administration of this second-line treatment defines refractory
SE. At this stage, a coma should be rapidly induced by means of a third-line general anesthetic (midazolam and/or propofol).

Published

2020-10-12

How to Cite

Outin, H. ., Guèye, P. ., Alvarez, V. ., Auvin, S. ., Clair, B. ., Convers, P. ., Crespel, A. ., Demeret, S. ., Dupont, S. ., Engels, J. ., Engrand, N. ., Freund, Y. ., Gelisse, P. ., Girot, M. ., Marcoux, M. ., Navarro, V. ., Rossetti, A. ., Santoli, F. ., Sonneville, R. ., Szurhaj, W. ., Thomas, P. ., Titomanlio, L. ., Villega, F. ., Lefort, H. ., & Peigne, V. . (2020). Management of Status Epilepticus in the Prehospital Setting, in the Emergency Department and in Intensive Care Unit (Except Newborns). Médecine Intensive Réanimation, 29(3), 135-172. https://doi.org/10.37051/mir-00010